What Is Law?


Law is the body of rules that a society creates and enforces to ensure that members obey its standards of behavior. It can be made by a legislative process, resulting in statutes, or it may be established through precedent, as is the case with common law systems. Individuals can also make their own legally binding laws through contracts or other private agreements. In addition, a variety of international bodies govern specific fields of law and provide authoritative advice to governments and legal practitioners.

In the Bible, law often refers to the Mosaic Covenant, the biblical book of laws that God imposes on his people. However, it may be used more broadly to mean instruction or regulations in a general sense. For example, the word is used in the New Testament to describe the commands of Jesus. Moreover, it can be applied to the political structures of nation-states as well, since one of the principal functions of the law is to serve as the basis for the exercise of political power. Each year, revolutions take place against existing political-legal authority in a variety of settings.

The field of law is very broad, encompassing a wide range of subjects, activities, and institutions. It covers topics from international law and social justice to family and criminal law. It encompasses the history of legal systems as well as discussions of legal philosophy and methodology. It is important to distinguish between different types of law, such as civil and criminal.

Contract law, for instance, deals with agreements between private parties for exchanges of goods and services. Property law defines the rights and duties people have toward tangible objects such as land or buildings and intangible items such as bank accounts or shares of stock. Immigration and nationality law focuses on the right of people to live in a nation-state other than their own and the right to acquire or lose citizenship. Criminal law includes the investigation of alleged crimes and the prosecution of those who break the law.

Legal articles can be highly technical, requiring a high level of knowledge and understanding to write. They can be written in a number of styles, from scholarly to popular. For the sake of clarity and readability, legal writing should be clear and concise. It should also avoid cliches, as readers can spot them immediately and be turned off by them. Instead, try to be creative and original, using language that will catch the reader’s attention. This will help to ensure that the article is read and understood by its intended audience. It is also helpful to focus an article on one main point and really argue it or explain it in depth rather than trying to cover too many things at once. This is especially important in legal journals, which have strict word counts. It is also helpful to include footnotes and citations in legal articles. These will help the reader to verify information and to locate further sources of study.